Gaza: INFORME DIARIO DE SITUACIÓN (4 septiembre)03.09.2014
Actualización del 4 de septiembre 2014
31 UNRWA school buildings continue to serve as collective centres, sheltering 59,728 displaced.
UNRWA is currently undertaking assessments of its installations that have been damaged during the 50 day war. This will continue alongside shelter assessments, which UNRWA is preparing to commence next week in coordination with the National Consensus Government and UNDP. In addition to the explosive remnants of war training, UNRWA relief and construction personnel and engineers hired under the Job Creation Programme completed technical training on shelter assessments, with data entry to be done through tablets to provide for increased efficiency. The assessment will start simultaneously in all five areas and should be completed within 60 to 90 days. Support for minor repairs to Palestine refugees’ homes – which include repair works involving materials available on the local market such as doors and windows – will be provided by UNRWA as soon as the respective shelters are assessed. For the uninhabitable homes, it remains unclear how shelter construction is to start under the current access regime imposed by the Government of Israel, which does not allow construction material on the local market.
Donors responded generously to the Gaza Flash Appeals. This critical support from partners in governments, international organizations, non-governmental organizations and the private sector has enabled UNRWA to continue large-scale emergency interventions. Whilst reconstruction can be addressed later, and will depend on the outcome of negotiations on access for building materials, an additional USD 47 million are needed in the next four weeks to help make the current conditions a little more bearable. Whilst UNRWA currently provides humanitarian aid to Palestine refugees and non-refugees in the shelters, the USD 47 million are needed for cash support and vouchers for Palestine refugees, which represent approximately 70 per cent of the Gaza population. The Agency is planning for a comprehensive support package to Palestine refugees, which will include support to host families, rental support, minor damage and repair assistance, and a reintegration package through vouchers which can be used to purchase non-food items from pre-selected vendors. The Government and UNDP are planning to provide similar assistance to non-refugees.
Preparations for the new school year are ongoing in coordination with the Ministry of Education and partners. UNRWA is expecting over 241,000 students in 252 schools, with nine out of ten schools to be run on double-shift basis. The Agency will also have to run some of the UNRWA schools out of government school buildings, particularly in the North and Gaza City where buildings are particularly scarce. Each of the almost 8,000 UNRWA teachers is undergoing training on how to address their own psychosocial needs, how to cope with children and anticipate likely behaviors and provide support. Under phase one of the emergency education programme, the return to school as of 14 September will focus on psychosocial and recreational activities to help children cope with their experiences and to enable teachers to identify children with psychosocial needs where referral might be necessary. Phase two of the programme will help children transition back to learning, to express themselves and work collaboratively. UNRWA will, for example, partner with Theatre Day Productions to support curriculum learning as well as life skill and competency development. It is envisaged that this phase will last for 2-3 weeks. The following phase three of the emergency education plan will be a return to normal schooling. There is agreement between the Agency’s educationalists that this phase will serve to advance the UNRWA education reform towards classroom practices which support the intellectual and social development of all children and maximize their potential.
Over 500 Palestinian children are confirmed killed during the 50 day war. The cumulative death toll among Palestinians is at least 2,131, according to the continued collection of preliminary data by the Protection Cluster from various sources, including 379 persons who could not be yet identified or their status established. Of the initially verified cases, 1,473 are believed to be civilians, including 501 children and 257 women, and 279 members of armed groups.
On 3 September, UNRWA welcomed its first major delegation after the 50 day war. Ten diplomatic representatives of the UNRWA Advisory Commission – from Australia, Finland, France, Japan, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom – witnessed the unprecedented destruction of the Gaza Strip, visited UNRWA shelters and met with Agency staff and the displaced in the collective centers. A delegation of the European Parliament, who was supposed to visit UNRWA on 4 September, was denied entry to Gaza by the Israeli government.
Past 24 hours: Nine days after the announcement of the ceasefire, the situation in Gaza remains relatively calm. Civil unrest is a potential threat, as the National Consensus Government is yet to resume effective power. Key issues remain unsolved, for example payments to former de facto government staff who continue reporting to work in the respective ministries. There are reports of attempted thefts from UNRWA shelters, family disputes in shelters and violence directed against UNRWA staff, with the police still intervening despite not having seen full salaries for over a year. There are several reports of the Israeli navy opening warning fire towards Palestinian boats, forcing them towards the shore. On 2 September at about 10:30hrs, the Israeli Defense Forces fired warning shots towards Palestinians near the boundary fence in the Khan Younis governorate, forcing them to leave the area. There were no reports of damage, injuries or fatalities.
As life in Gaza slowly starts to return to some sense of ‘normalcy’, people are trying to come to terms with the losses they have experienced and the immense scale of destruction. Shortly after the announcement of the ceasefire most Palestinians were just relieved the incessant bombing had stopped. With nine days into the ceasefire, more and more inhabitants of the tiny coastal enclave begin to wonder whether there will ever be a solution which addresses the underlying causes of the conflict. It is clear to everyone that life in Gaza will not be like it was before under the dreadful conditions of the blockade, with lives even more devastated than before. It is almost impossible for children and adults to make sense of the violence they have witnessed and experienced. Gaza’s streets, homes and the UNRWA compound are full of people sharing their sadness and fears, checking on each other’s well-being and trying to comfort each other through the shock of what they have been through. Over the years, people in Gaza have developed various coping mechanisms as a normal response to a very abnormal situation, but this most recent bout of violence risks depleting the resources of families and communities to cope with such an extreme situation.
The impacts of the recent conflict are experienced equally by UNRWA staff, who continue to support Palestinians throughout the war until now, without being able to freely visit relatives and friends in the rest of Palestine, including the West Bank and East-Jerusalem. Like all Palestinians, they have suffered incredible personal losses and experienced displacement and constant fear. At the same time, they had to cope with the needs and the fears of the people they serve, and with inadequate resources at the height of displacement.
Mohammed Zaqout and his wife Amal Zaqout are two of the many UNRWA education staff who worked as shelter managers under incredible pressure at the front line of the emergency operation. During the war in his shelter in Gaza City, Mr. Zaqout was distressed as he could not offer space and mattresses to all displaced running to the shelters in desperate need of protection. All surrounding shelters were equally full.
With continued emergency operations and resumption of all core programs, including education, the Agency is providing support to staff to build positive ways of coping with their experiences and prepare them to deal with the massive post-war challenges. UNRWA has deployed counselors to provide support to UNRWA staff and will also be providing information sessions and workshops on topics such as stress management and how to talk with children about what happened, which has been identified as a priority by staff. Managers are also provided with guidance on how to support their teams, and information about positive coping mechanisms will be available on the internal staff portal.
«During the conflict UNRWA staff went through the same experiences as other people in Gaza», said Dr. Iyad Zaqout, Manager of the UNRWA Community Mental Health Program, who is responsible for extending support to staff. «Their commitment to continue supporting Palestinians in Gaza even during this difficult time shows their dedication, but they also have the same needs as everyone else for support to cope with what they have experienced. It is one of our priorities to make sure that those who are normally providing assistance are also able to receive assistance themselves».
His team from the UNRWA Community Mental Health Programme continues to report to shelters every day. Over the course of the war and until now they have provided over 21,000 sessions encompassing mental health awareness and psychosocial support sessions to over 170,500 parents. Recreational and animation activities were provided to over 204,000 children. The Programme also coordinated and supervised the implementation of almost 5,000 sessions by partners for over 24,000displaced adults and over 130,000 children.
«Whilst staff was there to draw smiles on the faces of children in the middle of the most horrific destruction, our mission is now to recognize staff efforts and provide support across all departments», said Dr. Iyad Zaqout.
· On 2 and 3 September, UNRWA delivered 41 truckloads of non food items as well as 35 truckloads of food to shelters. The food support to shelters is provided in cooperation with WFP.
· UNRWA, in cooperation with partners and donors, continued daily water distributions to the shelters. On 3 September, 342 cubic metres of potable water were trucked, which is equivalent to some 5.9 litres of drinking water per person per day. In addition to drinking water, 639 cubic metres of non-potable water were trucked by UNRWA, municipalities and contractors to the shelters. 126 cubic metres of non-potable water were trucked to former shelters for the cleaning of the school buildings in preparation for the next school year.
· Since the announcement of the ceasefire on 26 August, the IDP situation has been very fluid. The Water and Hygiene Campaign had to restart with committee formation in the consolidated shelters, as many displaced who were actively involved left. As of 3 September, there were 54 IDP committees (including at minimum two women, two men and four youth of which two girls and two boys) with overall 627 members. 116 awareness sessions were held among 3,997 IDPs, focusing on cleanliness, usage of cleaning materials, best practices in water use, how to keep food from being contaminated and how to treat lice and scabies and avoid other diseases related to hygiene conditions. 418 persons were referred to medical focal points and 1,119 IDPs took part in cleaning campaigns.
· The hygiene campaign continued to focus on lice cases in shelters, referring cases to medical focal points and organising awareness sessions on how to use lice shampoo appropriately. In the first two days of the anti-lice campaign 3,597 cases were detected. Lice shampoo was distributed in the North, Middle, Rafah and Khan Younis, and will continue over the next week. 112 awareness raising sessions were done on the lice issue all over the Gaza Strip and 2,870 attended the sessions.
· UNRWA’s regular food distribution to a total caseload of over 830,000 beneficiaries continued. On 2nd and 3 September, food rations were provided to 7,989 families through UNRWA distribution centres. Distribution centres continue to remain open six days a week, with the exception of Friday when food commodities for the regular and the exceptional food distribution is moved to the food distribution centres for the following week.
· All 21 health centres were open. On 2 and 3 September, a total of 41,065 patients were served.
· On 2 and 3 September, a total of 588 tonnes of waste were removed from all of Gaza’s 8 camps.
· On 2 and 3 September, the 11 water wells in Jabalia Camp (6), Beach Camp (3), Khan Younis Camp (1) and Rafah (1) supplied 18,575 cubic meters of water.
SUMMARY OF MAJOR INCIDENTS
The ceasefire holds.
Data on damage to UNRWA installations is based on preliminary information and subject to change based on further verification. UNRWA estimates that 118 installations have been damaged since 8 July 2014.
The revised flash appeal can be found here.
· Rafah crossing was open for humanitarian cases and international visa holders.
· The Erez crossing was open for humanitarian cases and international staff.
· Kerem Shalom was open.